Study of Cain in Genesis Lesson 03
Exploring the Opinion that Satan Fathered Cain
Considering literal meaning versus implied meaning, and knowing when each applies, leads to an interesting opinion on the paternity of Cain in Genesis chapter 3 of the Bible. Cain was the son of Eve who was the wife of Adam in the Garden of Eden, and later in life Cain murdered his brother Abel. Some say they were half brothers.
Any serious study of the Bible requires scrutiny of words from the ancient and original manuscripts for a clearer understanding of single words in English that require a paragraph or more to discern a clearer definition. Idioms, figures of speech, words that don’t translate well, and comparisons by type need to be considered compared to literal phrases during Bible study.
From experience, I know to trust God and have discovered absolute truth in the fact that as you seek Him by studying the Bible, the Holy Spirit will lead you and open up a wealth of wisdom and understanding. Over a 5 year period I read the Bible cover to cover once each year, and was frequently enlightened with new discoveries each time which led me to think “How did I miss that?”. Now I smile and accept the gift of this spiritual growth.
My advice is first consider what you read in the Bible as being literal until your senses tell you otherwise. Christ intentionally spoke in parables because many truths hidden in the Old Testament and from the foundation of the world were mysteries to be revealed at a later time. Some concepts cannot be fathomed from a human perspective because we are not all knowing, and many truths must be accepted based on faith.
The Serpent of the Garden of Eden
Was Satan a serpent in the Garden of Eden? No. This is a figure of speech and no different than calling someone a “dirty dog” when they are human and not canine. The “Lion of Judah” was not a big cat, so the title describes the person’s character and is not literal. By taking “serpent” back to the original Hebrew we learn it means “a shining one”, and certainly Satan was that before his downfall.
Satan appeared in the Garden of Eden in human form. His title “king of Tyrus” in the following Scripture is another example of the many names of Satan. Some of his names are literal and others by type, and in Ezekiel 28:12-13 he is described in great detail as the king of Tyrus as follows:
Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. Ezekiel 28:12 (KJV)
Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. Ezekiel 28:13 (KJV)
The phrase in verse 12 “sealest up the sum” is much like our modern saying of something made and then “they threw away the mold”. He is further described as “full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty”, and then verse 13 begins with “Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God;”. The further references to jewels and precious stones are an analogy of his exceptionally handsome looks.
Again, that was not a serpent talking to Eve. It was Satan, “the shining one”, a hunk, eye candy, and drop dead gorgeous as he faced Eve to tempt her. First, understand this. There was no apple! Forget what you learned in Sunday School showing a serpent and Eve holding an apple as illustrated in books and paintings throughout the ages. The word apple does not appear anywhere in Genesis, and is first used in Deuteronomy 32:10.
Evidence of Satan as the Father of Cain
Let’s explore the verses that lead some to conclude that Satan was the father of Cain. Besides the verses in Genesis 3, the key word “beguiled” is used in the New Testament to describe this temptation, also, so we will look at each.
And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. Genesis 3:13 (KJV)
But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ. 2 Corinthians 11:3 (KJV)
Beguiled as used in the verse from Genesis (Hebrew in the Old Testament) translates as “mentally to delude, morally seduce, and deceive utterly”. Moral seduction certainly points to more than eating a piece of fruit, and the New Testament verse that follows translated from Greek is said to leave little doubt.
From 2 Corinthians 11:3, the word beguiled (Greek in the New Testament) is “exapatao” (pronounced ex-ap-at-AH-o) which means to seduce wholly – beguile – deceive. Wholly seduced is more graphic, yet it is only one of several meanings. The sexual act is more commonly stated as “uncovering nakedness” and “knew his wife” in other Scripture. Returning to Genesis chapter 4, verses 1 and 2, the summation of the paternity of Cain hinges on a key phrase in verse 2, as follows:
And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bore Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. Genesis 4:1 (KJV)
And she again bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. Genesis 4:2 (KJV)
In 4:2 the word “again” translates more accurately to “continue to do a thing, continue further, or proceed”, so some take this to mean Eve gave birth to Cain and she continued in labor and then Abel, a fraternal twin, was born immediately following Cain. Later, Cain slew Abel and became the first murderer mentioned in the Bible.
Link Between Satan and Descendants of Cain
A final verse from the New Testament makes reference to descendants of Cain being “of your father the devil” who was “a murderer from the beginning” which some say is the final touch of evidence that Satan was the father of Cain. Here Christ is speaking to the Jews, and persons of the Cain paternity position state that these Jews were Kennites meaning they were direct descendants of Cain.
Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. John 8:44 (KJV)
In conclusion, Satan may be the father of Cain, yet my opinion is neutral on this subject as it stands. I use the word “opinion” often in this article because I don’t see these verses as absolute evidence of Cain’s paternity. More importantly, the ultimate riddles and mysteries of knowing God and Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior far outweigh some verses of Scripture which may not have any bearing on eternal salvation. Read your Bible often. Learn as the Holy Spirit guides you. Was Satan the father of Cain? You decide.